[原汁原味原创题——语法填空九篇] 语法填空题

来源:建站 发布时间:2019-06-12 04:36:27 点击:

  阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。   (1)   If you want to work as an artist and you are making a living as a waiter, don’t think of yourself as a waiter 16 hopes one day to become an artist. That puts the work you love somewhere off 17 the distant future. Rather, think yourself as 18 artist, supporting yourself by waiting tables and paint, or draw as much as you can. 19 is possible to earn a living wage as a waiter working 24 hours a week. That leaves plenty of time to devote to 20 (train) or developing your craft in the off hours.
  While seeking the work that you love, it helps to expand your 21 (aware) into the universe of all possibilities. You don’t want to be limited to the ideas of 22 you should do 23 what you have done before. Having opened all the possibilities, you can make a final decision and select the work you love as
  24 own.
  Doing the work you love requires that you 25 (be) equally comfortable with the imaginative and the practical. It requires the ability to dream big dreams and the ability to face and master all the little details.
  (2)
  When I was about twelve, I suddenly developed a great passion for writing poetry. I gave up all my
  16 hobbies, such as playing computer games, collecting foreign coins and stamps, and 17 (spend) all my spare time reading poetry and writing it. This habit of writing poetry on every possible occasion soon got 18 into trouble at school. If a lesson didn’t interest me, I would take out my notebook and start writing poems 19 class. Of course, I did this very 20 (cautious), but it was not long before I got caught. One day 21 I was busy writing a poem during a geography lesson, I looked up to find the teacher 22 (stand) over me, staring with anger because I was not paying attention. He tore the poem up, with a warning not to waste time in his class. All the same I was convinced that I had written a good poem, 23 that evening I wrote it out again from memory. Not long after, I read about a poem contest and I decided to send in my poem. Weeks later, long after I had given up hope, I got 24 letter informing me I had won the first prize. Everyone at school was very impressed except the geography teacher, 25 watched me more carefully than ever. He was quite determined that I was not going to write poetry in his lesson.
  (3)
  They should be in the prime of their lives, but instead, those in 16 twenties and thirties are in worse health than their parents, a British survey has found. Binge(狂饮)drinking, ready meals and a lack of exercise are all harmful to their health. As a result,the young are 17 likely to have migraines(偏头痛), catch 18 cold or become stressed than the over-55s.   According to the research, nearly a quarter of the young 19 (regular)have headaches or migraines, 20 (compare) to just 14 percent of over-55s. And they are almost twice as likely to have high stress levels. And 21 it comes to alcohol, 20 percent of the over-55s don’t drink what they like, while just 10 per cent of those aged 18-34 keep themselves from taking alcoholic drinks.
  Six 22 ten of the elderly make fresh meals every day, compared to less than a third of the young. What’s more, almost 10 percent of 23 admit to eating ready meals for every meal — and two percent say they only eat at restaurants.
  The older generation 24 (be)also more likely to take a healthy amount of exercise, with 12 percent spending at least 30 minutes doing so each day. They may appear fitter, 25 only nine percent of the young do that. Chris Steele, the resident doctor on this morning’s TV programme, said:“I have seen a rise in young people suffering from illness such as colds, flu and headaches.”
  (4)
  The world is divided into two main parts. The difference is 16 one part is rich and the other is poor. In the poor part, a lot of people never get enough
  17 (eat). In the rich part, a lot of people eat too much. In one part, children starve and in the
  18 , a lot of people get 19 (fat)and have to go on diet, or do some exercise in order to lose weight.
  The poor countries 20 (call) the developing countries. They have special problems. Sometimes the land is too poor to grow anything on. The land can be improved, but a lot of things must be done first. Now farming methods must be introduced. The people must be educated. Water must be found.
  Many of these problems are too big 21 one country to solve alone. Help should be given by richer countries, but it must be the right sort of help. Money is not enough. The developing countries must be helped to help 22 . 23 rich countries have problems too. They are not always very pleasant to live in.
  24 (usual), it is the things 25 make them rich and that also make them unpleasant.
  (5)
  It also happens that while we in China are organized to fight the worst snow disaster in memory, many people in the United States are celebrating the 30th anniversary of another snow crisis.
  Going down in history as the “Great Blizzard(暴风雪)of 1978”, 16 “white hurricane” that swept North America late January and early February 30 years ago left many Americans with no power, no heat, 17 no transportation for days or weeks on end. People 18 (trap) in their houses or offices or on roads. A state of emergency was declared in several states, and National Guard troops were called in to aid trapped people 19 highways.   Many Americans 20 lived through the blizzard have never forgotten it, nor will the Chinese people forget their snow disaster 30 years later.
  Statistics show that the1978 blizzard caused ¥500 million in damages 21 Massachusetts alone.
  22 is not yet known how much the ongoing snow disaster will cost China, but it is certain that we will be a bit 23 (hard) since it struck right in the middle of the peak travel time for the country’s most important festival. And the snowstorms have hit parts of the country 24 such weather is rare.
  What is noteworthy is the similarity of the challenges 25 (create) by the two crises, though they are separated by three decades.
  (以上五篇短文的话题与人教版选修6各单元的话题相关;由中山市小榄中学湛郁平老师原创)
  (6)
  Blind from birth, I have never had the opportunity to see myself. And I have been 16 (complete) dependent on the image I create in the eye of the observer.
  There are those 17 think that since I can’t see, I obviously also cannot hear. Very often people will talk with me at 18 top of their lungs, pronouncing each word very carefully. People will also often whisper, 19 (think) that since my eyes don’t work, my ears don’t either. For example, when I go to the airport and ask the ticket agent for assistance to the plane, he or she will always pick 20 the phone, call a ground hostess and whisper:“Hi, Jane, we’ve got a disabled here.”
  On the other hand, 21 know that of course I can hear, but believe that I can’t talk. Often, therefore, when my wife and I go out to dinner, a waiter or waitress will ask Kit if “he would like a drink” to which I respond that “indeed he would.”
  The toughest misunderstanding of all is the view that 22 I can’t see, I can’t work. I 23 (turn) down by over forty law firms because of my blindness, even though 24 qualifications included a degree from Harvard College 25 a good ranking in my Harvard Law school class. Fortunately, this view of limitation and exclusion(排斥) is beginning to change...
  (7)
  Mrs Smith is going shopping with her son. They are looking for a present for Mr Smith’s birthday. Mrs Smith wants 16 (buy) him a new camera and Tom wants to buy him a jumper.
  They drive to the department store on the high street. Mrs Smith uses the lift to go to the Electrical Department on the third floor and Tom takes the stairs up 17 the Men’s Clothing Department on the first floor.
  When she gets to the Electrical Department, she finds that cameras 18 (sell) in the Photography Department on 19 ground floor. She takes the elevator down and asks the sales 20 (assist)there for some help. She doesn’t know much 21 cameras and needs some advice. He recommends an automatic camera by Olympus, but 22 is too expensive. She asks him if he has anything a little 23 (cheap) and he tells her about a special offer on the Pentax range. It still seems expensive so she thanks the assistant and decides to shop around first.   Meanwhile, Tom is looking at the jumpers. He only has £10 to spend 24 he can’t afford most of them. He sees his mother and 25 decide to go to the smaller shops round the corner.
  (以上两篇由深圳福田外国语高级中学王国平老师原创)
  (8)
  My parents have certainly had their troubles, and as their child I’ll never know how they made it to 38 years of marriage. They loved each other,but they didn’t seem to like each other. Dad was too fond
  16 his beer and he talked down to Mom a lot. When she tried to stand up to him, 17 fight would follow. I remember Mom once coming 18 (visit) my sister Leslie and me when we were both at university. She told us that she and Dad were splitting. But finally our parents stayed together because of their faith. They believed somehow that God had a reason 19 them to remain married,and resigned themselves to sharing their lives but 20 (perfect). The things didn’t change 21 Dad discovered that he had kidney(肾) disease. Among the years of multiple surgeries for the disease,mother was still at his side and even donated
  22 kidney to him. All of a sudden, the only thing 23 seemed to matter to Dad was telling the world 24 a wonderful thing Mom was doing for him. A month before the surgery, he 25 (send) her birthday flowers with a note saying, “I love you and I love your kidney! Thank you!”
  (由佛山市南海区罗村高级中学蒙杏菊老师原创)
  (9)
  It all began as we were standing in front of the bathroom mirror, Amanda was a cute girl, 16 (have) blonde hair. I said, “I love you, Amanda.” “And, I love you,” she replied. “Oh, yeah,” I taunted. “Well, I love you more.” Her eyes 17 (light) up as she recognized the cue for the start of another “I love you more” match. “Nuh-uh,” she laughed, “I love you the most.” “I love you 18 (big) than a volcano!” I countered—a favorite family phrase in these battles of love. “But, Mom, I love you 19 here to China.” A country she’s learning about from our new neighbors up the street. We volleyed back and forth a few favorite lines. “I love you more than peanut butter.”“Well, I love you more than television.”“I even love you more than bubble gum(泡泡糖).” It was my turn again, 20 I made the move that usually brings victory. “I love you bigger than 21 universe!” On this day, 22 , Amanda was not going to give up. I could see she was thinking. “Mom,” she said 23 a quiet voice, “I love you more than myself.” I stopped. Dumbfounded,overwhelmed by her 24 (sincere). Here I thought I knew more than she did. I thought I knew at least everything that she knew. However, my four-year-old daughter knows more about love than 25 28-year-old mom.   (由肇庆市四会中学赖梅均老师原创)
  答案与解析
  (1)本文探讨工作的相关问题——艺术家与服务员。
  16. who 引导定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词是人。
  17. in 因in the future是因定词组。
  18. an 在表示职业身份的单数可数名词(artist)前,应用不定冠词。
  19. It 作形式主语,其后的不定式to earn a living wage是真正的主语。
  20. training 该句已有谓语leaves,应该填非谓语动词;又因devote to中的to为介词,因此填动名词training作宾语。
  21. awareness 在形容词性物主代词后面,需要名词。
  22. what 引导宾语从句并在从句中作do的宾语,故填连接代词what。
  23. or 连接两个并列分句,表示选择关系。
  24. your 和前面的主语you指代的是同一人,相当于your own work。
  25. (should)be 在表示要求的require后的宾语从句中,谓语动词用“(should+)动词原形”。
  (2)本文主要讲述作者12岁爱上写诗,在上地理课时写诗被地理老师发觉一事。
  16. other 名词hobbies前应该填限定词,根据前一句可知为除了作者写诗以外的“其它”嗜好,因此填限定词other。
  17. spent 根据and可知与前面的谓语动词gave up一致,因此填spent。
  18. me 动词got后面缺宾语,应该填代词,由句意可知是指作者自己(me),get sb into trouble意为“给某人惹麻烦”。
  19. in 当空格后的名词(class)不是作主语、表语,也不是作动词的宾语时,填介词,根据句意可知这里为固定搭配,in class意为“在课堂上”。
  20. cautiously用副词来修饰前面的动词did。
  21. while/when 前后为简单句,填关联词,根据句意可知填入表示“当……时候,”的while/when。
  22. standing 前面已有谓语动词,后面用非谓语动词,find sb. doing sth. 意为“发现某人在做某事”。
  23. so 空格前后都是句子,应填关联词,引出表示结果的分句用so。
  24. a 单数可数名词letter前面没有限定词,应该填限定词;根据句意“收到一封信”,表示“一封”,用不定冠词。
  25. who 引导非限定性定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词是geography teacher,因此填who。
  (3)本文讲述的是英国的二、三十岁的年轻人的健康状况还不如他们的父母这一现象及原因。
  16. their 因表示“在某人几十多岁时”是“in one’s +整十的基数词的复数形式”。
  17. more 由句子后面than the over-55s得知。
  18. a 因“catch a cold(患上感冒)”是固定短语。
  19. regularly 用副词来修饰动词have。
  20. compared 表示“和……比起来”是compared to /by。
  21. when 前后为两个简单句应该用关联词,根据句意可知填when 引导一个时间状语从句,“when it comes to...”意为“当谈到……的时候”。
  22 in 因“Six in ten”意为“十分之六”。
  23. them 介词后面缺宾语,因此填代词,指代前面的the young。
  24. is 考谓语动词的时态,The older generation看作一个整体作主语,一般现在时用单数形式。
  25. but 前后是转折关系。
  (4)本文讲述了全球粮食分配不均衡的问题,并指出贫穷国家解决粮食危机所面临的问题。
  16. that 引导表语从句,当从句不缺任何句子成分且意思完整时,用that引导。
  17. to eat 动词不定式作后置定语。
  18. other 由前面的In one part可知这里应该是指the other (part)。
  19. fatter 形容词比较级,根据句子前后的语意可知。
  20. are called 根据文章和句意可知用一般现在时的被动语态。
  21. for 因“too + adj. + for sb to do sth”为固定结构。
  22. themselves 动词help后面缺宾语,应该填代词作宾语;根据意可知是指发展中国家自己本身。
  23. But 从前面谈论developing countries可知。句意是转折对比关系。
  24. Usually 在句首作状语应该用副词。
  25. that 构成“It is...that...”强调句型。
  (5)本文讲述在2008年中国南方发生雪灾的同时,正是美国人在举行30年前的暴风雪危害的周年纪念日,本文通过对比,也简述了当时的救援情况。
  16. the 因white hurricane前面没有限定词,根据句意可知为特指,因此填the。
  17. and 由前面的no power, no heat而知填并列连词and。   18. were trapped 该处缺谓语,根据文章和句意可知为过去时的被动语态。
  19. on 名词highways并非作宾语,因此填介词。
  20. who/that 引导定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词是Americans。
  21. to 表示“对”某人某物或某地的损害或损失,用介词to。
  22. It 作形式主语,真正的主语是其后的从句。
  23. harder 根据语境和后面句子句意可得知,要用比较级。
  24. where 引导定语从句,先行词为地点并在从句中作状语,填where。
  25. created 该句已经有谓语,应该填非谓语;过去分词短语作定语,修饰前面的the similarity of the challenges,这里的created相当于定语从句“who was created”。
  (6)本文讲述了身有残疾的主人公在日常生活中的一些不愉快以及找工作时被拒的经历。还好,情况朝好的方面发展。
  16. completely 修饰形容词,作状语,用副词。
  17. who 引导定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词是指代人的those用who。
  18. the 词组at the top of their lungs表示“以最大声音讲话”。
  19. thinking主语发出的一个次要的动作,作伴随状语。
  20. up 因pick up为固定词组,表示“拿起”。
  21. others 泛指“别人”。句意:别人知道我听不到……。
  22. because 引导原因状语从句。
  23. was turned表示“被拒绝”。
  24. my 上下文需指代一致。
  25. and 因a degree from Harvard College 和 a good ranking in my Harvard Law school class是并列关系。
  (7)本文讲述了史密斯夫人和孩子给史密斯先生买生日礼物的故事
  16. to buy 由want to do sth可知,用不定式作宾语。
  17. to 表示“到”用to;takes the stairs up to表示“走楼梯上行到”。
  18. are sold 指相机已经卖完,用被动语态。
  19. the 因the ground floor表示“底层”,相当于美国的“一楼(the first floor)”。
  20. assistant 因the sales assistant表示“售货员”。
  21. about 表示“了解”是know about。
  22. it 指代上文的an automatic camera。
  23. cheaper 根据上文意思买主要买的是比较便宜的相机。
  24. so 前文He only has £10 to spend是原因,所以他买不起,故用so。
  25. they 前文是两个人来商场买东西,故用they。
  (8)父母经常吵架,但事实上他们深爱着对方,当父亲的肾脏有问题要动手术时,母亲时刻守候在他的身边,并且把自己的肾捐献给父亲。
  16. of 因be fond of为固定搭配,意为“喜欢”。
  17. a 因fight为可数名词,且在文中第一次提及,泛指“一场争吵”。
  18. to visit 用动词不定式表示目的。
  19. for 因have a reason for sb to do sth表示“有理由让某人去做某事”。
  20. imperfectly 修饰前面的动词sharing,用副词imperfectly。
  21. until 因not...until 意为“直到……才……”。
  22. her 指母亲把她的肾捐给了父亲。
  23. that 引导定语从句并在定语从句中充当主语,先行词the only thing,指代物,故用that。
  24. what 引导宾语从句并在从句中作was doing的宾语。
  25. sent 根据文中的时间状语可知,此处要用一般过去式。
  (9)本文主人公讲述了4岁的宝贝女儿比她28岁的妈妈更懂得爱。
  16. having 因已有谓语动词was,并且动词have前没有并列连词,即have不是并列谓语,它应是非谓语动词,作状语,表示伴随情况;又因Amanda与have是主动关系,故用现在分词。
  17. lit 整篇文章动词用的是一般过去时,所以用light的一般过去时lit。
  18. bigger 由后面的than即可知用big的比较级bigger。
  19. from 根据句意:“我对你的爱从这里一直延伸到中国。”表示“从……到……”用“from...to...”,故填from。
  20. and 因It was...与I made...是两个完整的句子,且两者之间没有关联词,必定是填关联词;根据两句之间的逻辑关系,应填表示并列的连接词and。
  21. the 特指宇宙是独一无二的东西,故用定冠词。
  22. however 根据上下文语境,此处表转折,表转折又独立作状语的只能用however。
  23. in 此处指说话的方式,用in。
  24. sincerity 在物主代词her后面应接名词,故填sincerity。
  25. her 根据上下文语境,此句的句意是:“我那4岁的宝贝女儿比她28岁的妈妈更懂得爱。”mom是名词,所以前面应填物主代词her。
  责任编校 蒋小青

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