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哈尔滨第三中学

第一篇:哈尔滨第三中学

哈尔滨市第三中学 2011 年第三次高考模拟试题 英语试题 YCY 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分 150 分,用时 120 分 钟。

第Ⅰ卷(选择题共 115 分) 注意事项

1.答题前,考生在答题卡上务必用直径 0.5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔将自己的姓 名、准考证号填写清楚,并贴好条形码。请认真核准条形码上的准考证号、姓名。

2.每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需 改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。在试题卷上作答无效。

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案划在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷 上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回 答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.What is the relationship between the speakers? A.Doctor and patient. secretary. 2.What are the speakers mainly talking about? A.How to chop carrots. woman's hand got hurt B.How to make dinner. C.How the B.Teacher and student. C.Manager and 3.What does the man think of the novel?[来源:Zxxk.Com] A.It is worth reading. B.It is out of date. C.It is boring. 4.Where does the wo man want to go? A.To a park. 5.What is for the woman? A.A parcel and a letter. and a postcard. 第二节 (共 15 小题;每题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅 读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或 独白读两遍。

听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。

6.Whom did people usu ally marry in Russia in the past? A.Those with the same interest. B.Those with the same profession. C.Those with the same background. 7.What did the woman do when she met her husband? A.A teacher. B.A scientist. C.A musician. B.A letter and a postcard. C.Two letters B.To her home. C . To the tailor's . 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 10 题。

8.Who is the man probably? A.A repairman. B.A shop assistant. C.A shop manager. 9.When did the woman send off the guarantee? A.Last Monday. Wednesday. 10.What do we know about the woman? B.Last Tuesday. C.Last A.She lost the receipt. B.She didn't contact the manufacturer (制造商). C.She can't have the watch repaired immediately. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 13 题。

11.How much money does the woman spend every month? A.$450. B .$500. C.$600. 12.What is the man' s problem? A.He can' t earn enough to support himself. B.He can t afford the living expenses at university. C.He always spends money on unnecessary things. 13.How did the woman balance her expenses? A.By buying things under $l9 every time. B.By reducing the frequency of buying things. C.By cutting down on the expenses once overspent. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 17 题。

14.What does the boy's grandmother like? A.Eating. B.Cooking. C.Travelling. 15.How did the boy's grandmother feel after he got on the train? A.Sad. B.Excited. C.Disappointed. 16.What do we know about the boy? A.His train was late for an hour. B.He cried when he saw his grandmother. C.He stayed with his grandmother for a week. 17.Where does the conversation probably take place? A.At home. mother's home. B.At a railway station. C.At the wom an' s 听第 10 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。

18.How many teams have been accepted as non-league members? A.4. B.10. C.14 19.When can non-league members play in the Grant Cup? A.Next year. B.Next month. C.Next week 20.Why didn’t the speaker give out the handouts? A.They were ruined in a fire. B.He forgot to brin g them here. C.He destroyed them by mistake. 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。

21.—May I use your new dictionary? —It' s over there.____. A.Feel free B.Never mind C.My pleasure D.It's OK 22.—What about asking these new graduates to take on the task? —I m afraid not.While they are energetic and ambitious, _____ of them seems to be suitable for this demanding job. A.no one B.everyone C.none D.few 23.—Why did you let ____ kids off this time? —I just want to give them ____ second chance. A./; the B.the;/ C.the; the D.the; a 24.—Do you feel like going to the cinema tonight? —Sorry, I ' m so tired.I ____an early night. A.have B.am having C.have had D.had 25.—I wonder why he has been acting so strangely these days. —Recent pressure at work may ____ his behavior. A.account for B.call for C.change for D.stand for 26.____ this may sound like a simple process, great care is needed. A.Since B.Once C.Although D.Unless 27.When ____ to feel unworthy, children often work extra hard to please their parents. A.to make made[来源:Z。xx。k.Com] 28.Last year I applied to Princeton University.I ____ they would say yes—but they did, and now here I am. A.never think C.have never thought B.am never thinking D.never thought B.making C.made D.having 29.Jane established a program, ____ young people to take part in activities ____ promote greater concern for the environment. A.to encourage; where C.encouraging; that B.having encouraged; where D.encouraged; which 30.We used to work in the same office and we____ often have coffee together, which I missed so much years later. A.would B.should C.could D.might 31.It's really stupid of you ____ him the news yesterday so that it has been disturbing him all the time. A.having told told B.telling C.to tell D.to have 32.Don't thro w away the old books.Give them to ____needs them. A.whoever B.anyone C.who D.whomever to catch a 33.If you sleep less than seven hours, you are three times more cold. A.possible B.certainly C.probable D.likely 34.—Do you know how I can ____ him? —On hi作文s mobile phone. A.learn B.reach C.seek D.touch 35.Having lived in the town for quite a few years, Mr. Johnson no longer felt among the local people. A.out of order the question B.out of place C.out of control D.out of 第二节 完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36—55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上涂黑。

My mother knew that she could not send me to college and pay for it.If I wanted to go to college, it was up to roe to find out how to get there.I found that I 36 for some grants (助学金).There was enough to 37 school and books, but not enough for room and board.I accepted a job as part of a work-study program.I washed dishes in the school cafeteria.My grades went 38 .It was the hardest work I had 39 done. Just when I thought I was going to 40 of my college career, a friend told me that his grandmother needed help on the weekends. 41 that was required of me was cooking meals. Now I would have time to study.I went to meet his grandmother and accepted the job.My first 42 was his grandmother' s great love of music.One day, she told me I didn't have enough 43 in my life and decided to teach me the art.Grandma was 44 with my ability and encouraged me to continue.Weekends became more than just books and cooking; they were 45 the wonderful sounds of the piano and two singers. When Christmas break came, Grandma got a chest cold 46 I was unwilling to leave her.I hadn't been home since Labor Day, and my family was 47 to see me.I said my good-bye, 48 for her temporary care and returned home. 49 I was loading my car to go back to school, the phone rang and my friend told me Grandma died.I hung up the phone feeling like my world had ended.I had 50 my friend, and that was 51 worse than knowing I would have to return to dishwashing. Four weeks later, I asked to begin the work-study program again.The financial aid advisor looked at me 52 I had lost my mind.I 53 my position, then he smiled and slid me an envelope which was from Grandma.She had known how sick she was.In the envelope was enough money to pay for the rest of my school year and a request that I take piano lessons in her 54 . Now, years later, when I walk by a piano, I 55 and think of Grandma.She is playing the piano in heaven, I am sure. 36.A.fit 37.A.cover 38.A.back to front 39.A.even 40.A.cut out out 41.A.Everything 42.A.idea 43.A.money 44.A.persuaded 45.A.filled with 46.A.therefore 47.A.nervous D.shocked 48.A.settled D.arranged 49.A.Before 50.A.lost B.As B.missed C.After C.forgotten D.Since D.known B.recommended C.organized B.job B.fun B.stuck B.covered with B.then B.surprised B.matched B.offer B.ins and outs B.ever B.drop out C.suited C.contain C.up and down C.never C.leave out D.qualified D.include D.left to right D.still D.turn B.Something C.All C.finding C.energy C.impressed C.dotted with C.or C.anxious D.Anything D.discovery D.Ambition D.beaten D.equipped with D.and 51.A.far 网] 52.A.as long as that 53.A.explained 54.A.way 55.A.smile B.fairly C.very D.more[来源:学&科& B.as if C.even if D.now B.expressed B.need B.cry C.realized C.memory C.leave D.announced D.response D.escape 第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题,每题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A I am a person who does not like to wait.I don' t like lines, being put on hold when making a phone call, arriving at an appointment to find that my companion will be delayed and of course, I don * t like waiting rooms. However, I realize that my agony(痛苦) will not be good for me, as an increasingly, crowded world can only mean one thing—more waiting. Owing to this, I have taken a measure and decided to turn my disappointment to productive ends.In short, I am looking for what I call "waiting in line books". These are books that contain material designed for being read in shortened words, so there is no extended story line to lose track of.Another requirement is that they be small enough to slip neatly into my back pocket. The other day I went to the supermarket.Convinced that the rain would keep most people away, I was surprised to see that the place was crowded with shoppers.Every checkout was open—and jammed! But I could take out my pocket book an d go to work. The more the world demands that I wait, the more I learn from my waiting library.Look at these titles

One Hundred Things Every American Should Know; The Poetry of Robert Frost; Living Though ts of Leading Thinkers; Still More Toasts.I have learned interesting and enriching things and much knowledge from these books. On a recent visit to the general store, I placed my order at the counter along with six or seven other people.The one female employee seemed to have her hands full as she rushed about."Just be patient," she said to me. No problem.I quietly opened my dictionary of prose (散文) and poetical quotations. Perhaps the other customers regarded me as a bookish, lonely soul.But little did they realize that I was enjoying the company of Shakespeare, Thoreau, Homer and Ben Johnson. 56.According to the passage, the world ______.[来源:学科网 ZXXK] A.needs to produce many materials to use more crowded C.loses tracks of story line increasingly everywhere B.is becoming more and D.is crowded with shoppers 57.How did the author overcome his agony of waiting? A.By reading books designed to be read in shortened words. B.By arriving early for an appointment. C.By taking measures to produce some books for readers. D.By keeping most people away from the supermarket for some reasons. 58.Which of the following can't be carried in the author's pocket? A.One Hundred Things Every American Should Know B.The Poetry of Robert Frost C.Living Thoughts of Leading Thinkers D.Homer and Ben Johnson 59.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A.The author succeeded in changing his agony into fun. B.The author was a bookish and lonely soul. C.Six or seven employees in the store were busy in rushing about. D.There were fewer customers in the supermarket on rainy days. B Another food which is closely associated with Americans is apple pie.Apple pie is often served hot with a spoon of ice cream or a slice of cheese at the end of the biggest meal of the day—dinner, and it is a favori te dessert throughout the nation, if a person is typical of Americans, we can say, "He is as American as apple pie." It is true that the apple and apple pie do not originate in America, but the expression "as American as apple pie" is not the product of a pure imagination.As early as 1625, the English colonists, having brought orchards (果园) on this new land and in most of the colonial times, the apple was a main material of both plain and fancy cooking.The first Massachusetts governor, William Endicott, was one of many keen apple planters who helped to lay the foundations for today' s apple-growing industry in America. A major attraction of the apple for the colonists was that it could be made into cider (苹果酒). Like most Europeans, English colonists held a strong suspicion (怀疑) of drinking water, and since grapegrowing was hindered by plant peats, cider became an alternative to wine.Cheap and easy to produce, it was the American drink of first choice well into the nineteenth century. Whether it was dried, raw or cooked, the apple also found its way into numerous coloni al dishes, including apple sauces, pudding, stuffings and many desserts.Therefore, the conclusion to be drawn here is obvious.The apple pie became known as American, not because it was invented on this land (since it was proved that Europeans had been eating apple pies for centuries), but because, thanks to the huge orchards in the states of Washington and New York, America became the world's largest apple-producing nation. 60.If a person is said to be as American as apple pie, it means that _______. A.he always prefers apple pie as a dessert B.his favourite pie is apple pie C.he behaves and thinks in the American way D.he is good at making American apple pie 61.The apple can be used to make into all of the following except _______. A.wine B.sauces C.pudding D.cider 62.The underlined word hindered in Paragraph 3 means.________. A.promoted D.enlarged B.prevented C.improved 63.It can be concluded from the passage that_______. A.the apple pie was first served in America B.the English colonists developed a taste for the apple only after they, arrived at the New World C.the expression "as American as apple pie" is a pure imagination D.the apple pie is traditionally associated with Americans due to their large apple production C With the growth of the European Union and increased globalisation, English is increasingly the lingua franc a(通用语) in European businesses, and those who speak it have become the elite (精英)of the workforce. In the past, only a few specialists in a company were needed to communicate with foreign businesses.However, in these days of multinational companies, where workers are required to communicate with other employees from several countries, a common language is essential and English has become the logical choice. Nowadays, even blue-collar workers in many companies are required to speak English.For example, just over three years ago, a Dutch company.United PanEuropean Communications (UPC), was contracted to build a TV studio in Amsterdam.The job involved many electricians—more than the company could find in the Netherlands.There were plenty of qualified electricians in nearby France and Belgium, but the American and Dutch executives of UPC wanted everyone on the job to speak and understand the same language.So, the UPC hired British electricians and flew them to Amsterdam every Monday, accommodating them in hotels all over the city, and flying them home on Friday evenings. Increasingly, workers who can speak English earn salaries 25-35% higher than those who can' t.They are also eligible (有条件被选中的) for a wider range of highlevel jobs. The problem is that, while the ability to speak English is fast becoming essential for getting a good job, there is a shortage of people who can speak it.According to a recent European Commission report, only about 41% of continental Europeans can speak English, and only 29% speak it well enough to carry on a conversation.Many companies are solving this problem by setting up English language schools within the workplace.English language schools all over Europe are expanding at a huge rate, and governments are looking at ways to improve English tuition in schools. One result of this modem urge to learn English is that a generation gap is appearing. According to a European Union study, 67% of Europeans between 15 and 24 say they can speak English while only 18% of those over 55 say they can.Increasingly, all over Europe, it is the children who are leading the parents. 64.In European companies, workers who speak English ________. A.find it easy to carry on a conversation over ot her workers C.must be white-collar workers countries 65.Why did the UPC hire the British electricians? A.There were not enough electricians in nearby France and Belgium. B.British electricians were more qualified than those in the Netherlands. C.The UPC wanted all the employees to speak English. D.The UPC meant to show they were rich enough to accommodate and fly them. 66.What can you learn from the passage about European people? A.More young people can speak English well than older people. B.67% Europeans can speak English very well. C.18% of the people over 55 can't speak English. D.Over half the people can speak English. D Culture helps human societies survive in changing natural environment.For example, the end of the last Ice Age, beginning about 15,000 years ago, brought a big challenge to which humans had to adapt.Before this time, large parts of the northern hemisphere were covered in great sheets of ice that contained much of the earth' s water.In North America, large animals that wandered the vast tundra (冰 原) provided people with food and materials for clothing and simple shelters.When the earth became warm, large Ice Age animals disappeared, and many land areas were covered by rising sea levels from melting ice.But people survived, they developed new technologies and learned how to survive on new plant B.have an advantage D.travel to many different and animal species. Finally some people settled into permanent villages, durable houses and farms. Cultural adaptation has made humans one of the most successful species on the planet. Through history, major developments in technology, medicine, and nutrition have allowed people to reproduce and survive in ever-increasing numbers.The global population has risen from 8 million during the Ice Age to about 6 billion today. However, the successes of culture adaptation can also create problems in the long run.Over the last 200 years, people have begun to use large quantities of natural resources and energy and to produce a great amount of material and chemical wastes.The global pop ulation now consumes some important natural resources— such as petroleum, wood, and minerals—faster than nature can produce them.Many scientists believe that in the process of burning fuels and producing wastes, people may be changing the global climate in unpredictable and possibly harmful ways.Thus, the adaptive success of the present-day global culture of production and trade may be temporary. 67.What is the first paragraph mainly talking about? A.How the human beings survived in the Ice Age. B.What the situation was like during the Ice Age. C.What caused the Ice Age to come to an end. D.Why the Ice Age was very important. 68.To deal with the problems, human beings should ______according to the passage. A.stop developing any longer B.reduce the overuse of natural resources C.stop the global warming and using natural resources D.save more animals in case they all die out 69.Which of the following is the problem caused by cultural adaptation according to the passage? A.A very developed culture came into being. B.New technologies have been developed. C.Natural resources have been used up. D.Human activities have done damage to the balance of nature. 70.Which of the following can be the best tide of the passage? A.Natural Environment Should Be Protected. B.The Success of Cultural Adaptation Is Not Permanent. C.The Global Population Is Increasing Since Ice Age. D.Human Beings Are Capable of Surviving on Earth. 第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多 余选项。

If you are hungry, what do you do? Have your favorite meal and stay quiet after that? 71 But it never lets you know, because you keep it busy thinking about your friends or favorite stars.So it silently serves your needs and never lets itself grow.When mind loses its freedom to grow, creativity gets a full stop.This might be the reason why we all sometimes think "What happens next?", "Why can't I think?" 72 Why reading but not watching TV? It is because reading has been the most educative tool used by us right from childhood.Since it develops other aspects of our life, we have to get help from reading. Once you read a book, you run your eyes through the lines and your mind tries to explain something to you. 73 Now this seed is unknowingly used by you to develop new ideas.If it is used many times, the same seed can give you great help to rel ate a lot of things which you would have never thought of in your wildest dreams! This is nothing but creativity. 74 Within no time you can start talking with your friends in English or any other language and never run out of the right words. So guys, do give food for your thoughts by reading, reading and more reading. 75 Go and get a book! A.The interesting part of the book is stored in your mind as a seed. B.Why not do some reading while you are hungry? C.Just like your stomach, your mind is also hungry. D.Now what are you waiting for? E.Hunger of the mind can be actually solved through wid e reading. F.Reading can help you make more friends, too. G.Also this makes a significant contribution to your vocabulary. 第Ⅱ卷(非选择题,共 35 分) 注意事项:将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分)[来源:学科网] 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 l,满分 10 分) 文中共有 10 处语言错误.每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出谈加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改仅限一词。

2.只允许修改 l0 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

One night, Mr. Green went to a store to buy the shirt.The sal esgirl showed him several shins to choose.He had no idea which one would suit him.At last, he had made up his minds to was very exciting.However, when he got up the next day, tried the shirt in and looked at it this way and that, his excitement was gone away.He found it was not so nice to look at home than it is in the store.Knowing that he couldn’t possible change it, he thought he had better put it away and use it in the future[来源:Zxxk.Com] 第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 中美中学生交流项目安排一批美国中学生来华一周体验中国文化,在网上挑选适合住 宿的家庭(homestay family)。假如你是友谊中学的学生李华,愿意接受一位美国学 生入住你家,请用英语给项目美方负责人 Mike Smith 写一封邮件,说明你的家庭和住 宿条件、你本人的优势以及你帮助美国中学生体验中国文化的打算。[来 源:Z*xx*k.Com] 注意:1、词数 100 - 120 词。

2、可适当增加细节。

Dear Mike Smith, Li Hua 参考答案 第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 1-5 BCACB 6-10 BABCC 11-15 ACCBA 16-20 CBBAA 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项选择(共 15 小题;每题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21-25ACDBA 26-30CCDCA 31-35 DADBB 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 36-40 DACBB 41-45 CDBCA 46-50 DCDBA 51-55 ABACA 第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 56-59 BADA 60-63 CABD 64-66 BCA 67-70ABDB 71-75CEAGD 第四部分:写(共两节,满分 35 分) 权所有:学科网(www.zxxk.com) 附件 1:律师事务所反盗版维权声明 附件 2:独家资源交换签约学校名录(放大查看) 学校名录参见:/wxt/Info.aspx?InfoID=85353

第一篇:哈尔滨第三中学

哈尔滨市第三中学 2007— 2008 学 年 度 高 三 9 月 份 月 考 语 文 试 卷 第Ⅰ卷(选择题 一、 (15 分,每小题 3 分) 1.下列加点字读音完全正确的一项是 A.僭称(jiàn) 伫立(chù) . . B.怃然(wǔ) . C.逾垣(yuán) . 挑剔(tì) . 福祉(zhǐ) . 共 39 分) ( 迥然不同(jiǒng) . 溘然长逝(kè) . 惊魂甫定(fǔ) . 妍媸毕露(chī) . 光风霁月(jì) . 老骥伏枥(jì) . 朝暾夕月(dūn) . 清风夜唳(lì) . ) D.谲诈(jué) 伉俪(kàng) . . 2.下列词语中有两个错别字的一项是 ( ) A.暮蔼 隐匿 搓跎岁月 精疲力竭 B.赢弱 慰籍 目不瑕接 辘辘饥肠 C.纯粹 赧然 诚遑诚恐 宛然可见 D.捭官 斜辉 改弦更章 一愁莫展 3.填入横线中最恰当的一项是 ( ) 公文写作要不断革新创造。没有革新创造,就没有发展。但是, ,必须 从熟悉本行业业务开始。

A.革新创造不一定另辟蹊径 B.革新创造并不是提倡轻视本行业业务 C.革新创造不是一蹴而就的事情 D.革新创造与循规蹈矩同等重要 4.下列句中加点成语使用正确的一项是 ( ) A.孩子应该干、可以干的事情,要让他们自己去干,父母不要求全责备。

.... B.面对球迷们的嘘声,麦迪悠然自得,他在场上大笑的图片也被美国各媒体竞相采用。

.... C.2007 年的“加油!好男儿”还未启动, “美特斯·邦威”已经挥金如土买下了该活动 .... 明后连续两年的冠名权。

D.香港的机缘是那种聚沙成塔的机缘,很多很多相遇积累起来,最后成就一宗。

.... 5.下列各句中,没有语病的一句是 ( ) A. “7·29”重大交通事故发生后,哈尔滨市有关部门立即赶到红旗大街展开调查,对 事故做出妥善处理,坚决防止类似事故不再发生。

B.我们应该遵守语方运用的规范,对一些不规范的网络用语能否在考场作文中使用, 会不会影响得分,我们的答案是否定的。

C.高等学校扩招后,很多高中对整个录取比例不那么看重了,开始拼命追求考上名牌 和重大学。这种做法是对国家人才培养政策的一种曲解。 -1- D.央行在近日发布的货币政策执行报告中警示,前期粮食和肉禽蛋价格的上涨已逐步 传导到下游食品加工、餐饮等行业,因此有必要高度关注价格传导问题,防止价格 全面上涨。

二、阅读下面的文字,完成 6—9 题。

(12 分,每小题 3 分) 大气环流 任何行星上,只要其上空有大气,就应该有大气环流。何谓大气环流?就是行星大气一 方面从太阳电磁辐射中接收热量,一方面把自身的部分热量发射到行星际空间。在“收”与 “发”的过程中,一些区域常年温度高,气压低,形成低气压,另一些地区常年温度低,气 压高,形成高气压。气压的高低不同,导致大范围的大气流动,这就是大气环流。

地球上有三种环流。首先是信风,就是地球低纬度地区的一种大气环流。它相当稳定, 按时前来,决不轻易失信,因此叫做信风。古代商人利用它推动风帆飘洋过海,从事贸易活 动,因此又称贸易风。除了信风,在南、北两半球的大气中各有两个环流圈,分别位于中纬 度地区和两极地区。此外,在地球对流层上层或平流层内还有强而窄的气流(称为急流) , 对整个大气环流起发动机作用,将低纬度地区的暖空气推向高纬度,将两极地区的冷空气向 低纬度地区输送。

这三种环流在火星上都有。不过,太阳辐射在火星表面造成的响应与地球不同,火星表 面上夏季最热的地方不在赤道,而在夏季半球(即处于夏季的半球)的热带和亚热带,因此 火星上夏季环流圈不是像在地球上那样分布在赤道两边。此外,火星大气里还有两种特有的 环流。一是热潮风,它是火星上的昼夜温差驱动,沿火星天空中太阳运动的方向传播。二是 “凝致流动” ,是二氧化碳季风性凝结形成的。在火星冬季半球高纬度地区,Y 二氧化碳会 冻结成干冰。这样,火星冬季半球高纬度地区的气压就比别处低。高气压地区的大气向低气 压地区流动,就形成一股强劲的环流,将热量和质量向极冠区转移。这股环流就是“凝致流 动” 。

在金星上虽然没有像地球、 火星上那样的环流, 但大气中有从东向西流动的高速大风, C 风速由行星表面向上逐渐增加,Y 表面风速为每秒 1 米 ,云顶风速可达每秒 100 米 。以 每秒 100 米 速度前进,4 天可以环绕金星一周,所以此风被称为“四日风”。四日风的能源是 什么?是怎样产生的?至今还是谜。

(选自《大自然探索》2006 年第 1 期) 6.下列有关“大气环流”成因的说法不正确的一项是 ( ) A.行星上的大气由于不同地区气压的高低不同,而导致的大范围的大气流动。

B.行星大气在接收和发射热量的过程中,造成不同区域常年温度高低不同,而导致气 压的高低不同,最后形成大气的流动。

C.地球上的对流层上层或平流层内有强而窄的气流,它将低纬度地区的热空气推向高 纬度,将两极地区的冷空气向低纬度地区输送。

D.火星上夏季环流圈不是像在地球上那样分布在赤道两边,是因为太阳辐射在火星表 面造成的夏季最热的地方不在赤道,而在夏季半球(即处于夏季的半球)的热带和 亚热带。

7.下列关于地球上三种大气环流的说法正确的一项是 ( ) A.信风,就是地球中低纬度地区的一种大气环流。它相当稳定,按时前来,决不轻易 失信,因此叫做信风。 -2- B.地球南北两半球的大气中有两个环流圈,分别位于中纬度地区和两极地区。

C.古代商人利用地球低纬度地区的大气环流推动风帆飘洋过海,从事贸易活动,决不 轻易失信,因此又称贸易风。

D.急流是地球对流层上层或平流层内的强而窄的气流,它对整个大气环流起发动机作用。

8.下列对文中有关内容的分析不正确的一项是 ( ) A.夏季半球的热带和亚热带,是火星表面接收太阳电磁辐射热量最多的地方。

B.热潮风由火星上的昼夜温差驱动,它沿火星天空太阳运动的方向传播,是火星大气 里一种特有的环流。

C.在火星夏季半球的高纬度地区,二氧化碳会冻结成干冰,从而造成高气压地区的大 气向该地区流动,形成一股强劲的环流。

D. “凝致流动” ,是二氧化碳季节性凝结形成的一股强劲的环流,它将热量和质量向火 星极冠区转移。

9.根据原文提供的信息,下列推断正确的一项是 ( ) A.信风很准时,在古时又对商人的贸易活动有很大的帮助,所以它是地球上对人类最 有意义的大气环流。

B.金星与地球、火星不同,它有一种从东向西流动的高速大风,但没有大气环流,可 见它是很特殊的行星。

C. “热潮风”由昼夜温差驱动而产生,是火星特有的环流,地球某些地区即使昼夜温差 很大,也很难出现这种大气环流。

D. “四日风”的风速太快,给研究带来了很大的难度,以致科技高速发展的今天我们对 它的了解仍然很少 三、阅读下面的文言文,完成 10—13 题。

(12 分,每小题 3 分) 汲黯字长孺,濮阳人也。其先有宠于古之卫君。至黯七世,世为卿大夫。黯以父任,孝 景时为太子洗马,以庄见惮。孝景帝崩,太子即位,黯为谒者。东越相攻,上使黯往视之。

不至,至吴而还,报曰

“越人相攻,固其俗然,不足以辱天子之使。

”河内失火,延烧千余 家,上使黯往视之。还报曰

“家人失火,屋比延烧,不足忧也。臣过河南,河南贫人伤水 . 旱万余家,或父子相食,臣谨以便宜,持节发河南仓粟以振贫民。臣请归节,伏矫制之罪。

” . .. 上贤而释之,迁为荥阳令。黯耻为令,病归田里。上闻,乃召拜为中大夫。以数切谏,不得 久留内,迁为东海太守。黯学黄老之言,治官理民,好清静,择丞史而任之。其治,责大指 而已,不苛小。黯多病、卧闺阁内不出。岁余,东海大治。称之。上闻,召以为主爵都尉, 列于九卿。治务在无为而已,弘大体,不拘文法。

黯为人性倨,少礼,面折,不能容人之过。合己者善待之,不合己者不能忍见,士亦以 此不附焉。然好学,游侠,任气节,内行脩絜,好直谏,数犯主之颜色,常慕傅柏、袁盎之 为人也。善灌夫、郑当时及宗正刘弃。亦以数直谏,不得及居位。

当是时,太后弟武安侯蚡 为丞相,中二千石为拜谒,蚡 不为记。然黯见蚡 未尝拜,常揖 之。天下方招文学儒者,上曰吾欲云云,黯对曰

“陛下内多欲而外施仁义,奈何欲效唐虞 . 之治乎! ”上默然,怒,变色而罢朝。公卿皆为黯惧。上退,谓左右曰

“甚矣,汲黯之戆也! ” 群臣或数黯,黯曰

“天子置公卿辅弼之臣,宁令从谀承意,陷主于不义乎?且已在其位, . . 纵爱身,奈辱朝廷何! ” -3- 大将军青既益尊,姊为皇后,然黯与亢礼。人或说黯曰

“自天子欲群臣下大将军,大 将军尊重益贵,君不可以不拜。

”黯曰

“夫以大将军有揖客,反不重邪?”大将军闻,愈贤 . 黯,数请问国家朝廷所疑,遇黯过于平生。

. 淮南王谋反,惮黯,曰

“好直谏,守节死义,难惑以非。至如说丞相弘,如发蒙振落 耳。

” (选自《史记·汲郑列传》 ) 10.对下列句子中加点的词的解释,不正确的一项是 A.屋比延烧 . B.臣谨以便宜 .. C.群臣或数黯 . D.遇黯过于平生 . 比:紧挨着 便宜:趁便见机行事 数:列举过失,指责 过:拜访 ( ) 便可白公姥,及时相遣归 . 君子博学而日参省乎己 . ( ) 11.下列各组句子中,加点的词的意义和用法相同的一组是 A.或父子相食 . B.陛下内多欲而外施仁义 . C.且已在其位,纵爱身,奈辱朝廷何 凡四方之士无不过而拜且泣者 . . D.夫以大将军有揖客,反不重邪 罚所及,则思无以怒而滥刑 . . 12.以下六个句子,全都直接表现汲黯倨傲忠直的一组是 ①合己者善待之,不合己者不能忍见 ②亦以数直谏,不得久居位 ③然黯见蚡未尝拜,常揖之 ④陛下内多欲而外施仁义,奈何欲效唐虞之治乎 ⑤然黯与亢礼 ⑥好直谏,安节死义,难惑以非 A.①②③④ B.①③④⑤ C.②③④⑥ D.③④⑤⑥ 13.下列对原文的叙述和分析,不正确的一项是 帝虽认可了他的作法,但还是让他出朝廷为官。 ( ) ( ) A.汲黯两次奉旨出使,都中途变卦,或半路而返,或自作主张发放官粮赈济灾民。皇 B.汲黯批评别人的过失,从来不留情面,即使对至尊的君主也敢当面谏诤指责,无所 顾忌。多次犯颜武帝,群臣都为之震恐、责怨。

C.汲黯为人倨傲严正,从不屈从权贵,对田蚡、卫青等朝中重臣也不多加礼敬,引起 他们的不满。

D.汲黯信仰黄老学说,崇尚无为清静之治,反对扰乱民生的“多欲”政治,治理郡务不 拘小节,取得了良好的政绩。 第Ⅱ卷 (非选择题 共 108 分) 四、 (18 分) 14.把文言文阅读材料中画横线的句子翻译成现代汉语。

(10 分) -4- (1)黯为人性倨,少礼,面折,不能容人之过。合己者善待之,不合己者不能忍见,士 亦以此不附焉。

分) (6 译文

(2)自天子欲群臣下大将军,大将军尊重益贵,君不可以不拜。

分) (4 译文

15.阅读下面一首诗,然后回答问题。

分) (8 初冬夜饮 杜牧 淮阳多病偶求欢,客袖侵霜与烛盘。

砌下梨花一堆雪,明年谁此凭栏干? [注]淮阳,指西汉汲黯切谏被贬,最后死于淮阳之事。作者做此诗时,被久放为黄州刺 史。

(1)诗歌的前两句描写出一个什么样的场景? 。

(2)最后的问句表达了作者怎样的情感? 答

16.补写出文中的空缺部分。

分) (5 (1)花径不曾缘客扫, 。

(2)名岂文章著, 。

(3)吴楚东南坼, 。

,会须一饮三百杯。

(4) (5) ,天阴雨湿声啾啾。

五、阅读下面的文字,完成 17—20 题。

(18 分) 笑声的魅力 舒 婷 人生本来十分平淡。

空难、雪崩、战争、冤狱和被绑架,这类九死一生的恐怖经历,电影里员虽然极力渲染, 呼之欲出,毕竟摊到每个人头上的概率微乎其微。所谓人如蝼蚁,柴米油盐,生老病死,说 起来,绝大多数人庸庸碌碌,过的都是正常生活。因此才有漂流、跳伞、飚车、泅渡海峡甚 至赌博吸毒等等自讨苦吃的吉尼斯世界记录。本来玩的就是心跳嘛。

那不为外人所知的情感风暴,伤亲失侣,受遗弃遭背叛,中奖升职,就连天上掉下肉包 子这种大喜大悲,同样能致人于死地。但各人心理承受能力不一样,是杀人或自杀?其凶险 程度只有自己知道。况且现代人越来越自闭,麻木和冷静成为防卫本领,一颗石子能否激起 千层浪已够怀疑,反正脸上总是微波不兴。

中国人还不习惯找心理医生,尽管这个行业正在大城市悄悄兴起。生活是庸常的,是微 尘的叠加,是无处逃遁的日复一日夜复一夜的滴水蚀石的时光。如何抗衡这“生命不能承受 之轻”?诗人开出的药方是“保持几分童真” ,宗教提倡“一颗平常心” ,男人呼吁浪漫,女 人渴望情趣。电视上的综艺节目例如“欢乐总动员”里的搞笑、相声小品、卡拉 OK、全民 健身运动、旅游、美食和周末 PARTY 等休闲项目开始获得它应有的位置。

然而一枝玫瑰花的奉献或某个晚上的笑逐颜开,仅能局部或短期缓解现代都市生活的紧 张和压力。要维护心理健康,莫过于换一种眼光,就像打开一扇新窗户,迎接早晨升起的同 -5- 一轮太阳。

有一本好书叫做《享受每日生活》 ,是美国人托马斯·穆尔写的。他说

“当我们把简单 的用餐变成宴请,摆下饭桌就是请灵魂出席。盘子、杯子和刀叉可能就是唤起一个家族记忆 的物件,或者仅仅是漂亮的餐桌上的用具。一块桌布、餐布、蜡烛、甚至一个矮托架,能把 普通的用餐变成一次不平常的经历。

”最后他强调了营造环境魅力的至关重要。

“在这种心态 下,灵魂出现在前台,而对人生的延续和生活中的喜忧的实实在在的关注,至少是暂时隐退 到了幕后。

” 即便看起来似乎唾手可得的幸福场面,对于浮躁急切、物质利益至上的现阶段中国人来 说,也显得过于矫情和浪费了。多少人不是用快餐盒匆匆果腹,就是把餐桌当战场,商业的、 政治的、处心积虑的、患得患失的,蜡烛和鲜花变成了道具。难怪有报道说:功能性消化不 良病患者已占人数的 20%-40%。

但我们首先可以做到的是调整自己的心态,学会对人生持有一份幽默感。

对迟到的恋人说:幸亏你终于来了,那只近视的鸟错把我当一棵树,正打算在我肩上孵 蛋呢;安抚大发雷霆的母亲:放心吧,虽然我是最后一个出考场,成绩却没那么差,是倒数 第二名;阳台上掉下衣架,砸了脑袋,抬头揶揄迭声道歉的邻居:早通知我,好戴钢盔呀。

下次若不能抛个绣球来,至少落一根烤鸡腿如何? 下雨,自己淋得像落汤鸡,目送扭着高跟鞋继续奔跑的胖嫂,有趣;排长队求职面试, 看左右有人念佛有人冒汗有人不断上厕所,心中一乐,忽然看破红尘,也去上厕所;接朋友, 火车却晚点,有人频频看表,有人持续拨打手机,还有人守着询问处纠缠,你饶有兴味地研 究他们的眼神、手势、衣着和口音,推想他们要接的亲戚、朋友、上司或情人,时间不知不 觉过去,远方来的朋友笑眯眯站在你面前。

只要你睁大好奇的眼睛,只要你怀有善意,你总能从司空见惯的老环境中发现有趣的事 物,轻松自己的心情,也给周围的朋友带来笑声。

17. “人生本来十分平淡” ,这“平淡”一词在文中的含义是什么?(4 分) 答

18.文中“一枝玫瑰花的奉献”和“某个晚上的笑逐颜开”分别指的是什么?(4 分) (1)一枝玫瑰花的奉献

(2)某个晚上的笑逐颜开

19.作者提倡调整调整心态,学会对人生持一份幽默感,下文为什么要用两段来阐述幽默感 的?(6 分) 答: 20.下列表述不符合文意的两项是(4 分) ( ) A.正因为生活平淡,才有了人们对惊险、刺激生活的追求。

B. “生命不能承受之轻”指的是人们生活是庸常的,使人毫无压力,空虚无聊,精神上 太“轻” ,没有支撑点。

C.作者认为要想达到长久消除都市生活的紧张和压力,就必须维护心理健康,要学会 换一种眼光看世界,看人生。

D.营造环境魅力至关重要,它构成了现阶段中国人进行商业、政治交易的一种手段。 -6- E. “灵魂出现在前台,而对人生的延续和生活中喜忧的实实在在的关注,至少是暂时隐 退到幕后。

”这句话让人想到范仲淹的《岳阳楼记》 。

六、 (10 分) 21.将下面这条简讯改为“一句话消息”(30 个字内) 分) 。

(4 入夏以来,由于持续高温少雨,黑龙江全省旱情急剧发展,受灾面积不断扩大。7 月 30 日,省委、省政府召开全省抗旱工作紧急电视电话会议,号召全省上下要充分认 识当前抗旱救灾工作的紧迫性和极端重要性,动员全省各级党委、政府及广大干部群众 紧急行动起来,采取有效措施抗灾夺丰收。

进入 6 月份,特别是 6 月中旬以来,全省持续高温,降水异常偏少。6 月下旬虽有 几次较大阵性降雨过程,局部旱情得到缓解。但由于进入 7 月份以来持续高温,降水异 常偏少,东部三江平原地区出现历史罕见的夏伏连旱,旱情快速发展,形势异常严峻, 全省受旱面积急剧扩大,旱灾程度不断加重。旱情发展之快、伏旱面积之大均为历史罕 见。

针对严峻的旱情,会议指出,当前各级党委、政府及广大干部群众要提高认识,紧 急动员,立即将省委、省政府的抗旱精神传达贯彻到基层抗旱第一线;要克服靠天等雨 的侥幸心理和畏难情绪,坚定抗灾夺丰收的信心。当前,各级党委、政府和广大干部群 众要加大投入,采取一切有效措施组织抗旱;各级财政、金融及涉农部门要广泛筹集抗 旱资金,确保抗旱资金投入。各级党委和政府领导要深入抗旱一线靠前指挥;各有关部 门要各司其职,密切配合;各地要组织干部大下基层,组织广大群众共同开展抗旱救灾, 打一场抗旱夺丰收的人民战争。

22.北京时间 8 月 8 日晚,北京奥运会倒计时一周年庆祝活动在天安门广场隆重举行。来自 祖国各地和首都各界群众欢聚在伟大祖国的心脏,载歌载舞欢快的迎接 2008 年奥运会 开幕倒计时一周年的重要时刻。请你也为我校的奥运会倒计时一周年庆祝活动你写一条 标语。

分) (6 要求:①标语需为两句字数相等,结构大体一致的对偶句;②每句话不少于 7 字。

七、 (60 分) 23.根据下面的材料,从中提炼出一个观点,题写一篇文章,题目自拟,不少于 800 字。

有一下令人深思的故事,说的是中国、日本、美国的孩子学画苹果。

中国的孩子画苹果,是由老师先在黑板上画出一个标准的苹果,规定出先画左后画 右,这边涂红,那边涂绿。

日本的孩子画苹果,由老师擎着一个苹果,孩子们观赏后作画。

美国的孩子作画,老师提来一筐苹果,任孩子们拿一个自己画。 参考答案 1.D(A 伫立“zhù” 挑剔“tī”C 朝暾“tūn”夕月) ;B 2.A(A 蔼—霭,搓—蹉;B 赢—羸,籍—藉,瑕—暇;C 遑—惶;D 捭—稗,辉—晖, 章—张,愁—筹) 3.C 4.D(A“求全责备”与上文不衔接;B“悠然自得”应为“泰然自若” ;C“挥金如土”应 -7- 为“一掷千金” ) 5.D(A 否定不当;B“答案是否定的”与前文不照应;C 成分残缺) 6.D(D 项讲的是火星上大气环流分布情况及其原因。

) 7.D(A 项“中低纬度地区”应为“低纬度地区;B 项“有两个环流圈”应为“各有两个环 流圈” 项“决不轻易失信”不是就“贸易活动”而言的。

;C ) 8.C(C 项中的“夏季半球”应为“冬季半球” ) 9.C(A 在原文中没有将三种环流进行比较,属于无中生有。B 推断前提和结论都存在错误。

原文中说“在金星上虽然没有像地球、火星上那样的环流” ,并不代表金星就没有大气 环流,在某种程度上金星上的高速大风就是一种大气环流;前提错误,那么“金星很特 殊的行星”结论也就是错误。D“四日风的风速太快,给研究带来了很大的难度”属于 无中生有; “风速快”与“我们对它的了解少”没有必然的因果关系,属于强加因果。

) 10.D(过,超过) 11.D(A 相:①互相,②表示动作倾向一方;B 而:①却,②因而;C 且:①何况,况且, ②并且;D 以:因为。

) 12.B(①是说灌夫、郑当等人,⑥是通过淮南王的话侧面表现汲黯的忠直。

) 13.C(文中没有“引起他们不满的意思”) 。

14. (1)汲黯与人相处很傲慢,不讲究礼数,当面顶撞人,容不得别人的过错,与自己心性 相投的, 他就亲近友善, 与自己合不来的, 就不耐烦相见, 士人也因此不愿依附他。

( “倨” “面” “忍” “以” “附”各 1 分,句意 1 分。(2)从天子那里就想让群臣居于大将军之 ) 下,大将军如今受到皇帝的尊敬和器重,地位更加显贵,你不可不行跪拜之礼。“下” ( “尊重” “拜”各 1 分,句意 1 分。

) 15. (1)诗歌的前两句描写出诗人被排挤,愁思郁积。

分)借酒浇愁,于雪夜地烛光下自 (2 斟自饮的场景。

分) (2 (2)最后的问句表达了诗人流转无定(或四处漂泊)的困苦。

(2 分)仕途不遇的愤慨、壮志难酬的无奈。

分) (2 16. (1)蓬门今始为君开(2)官应老病休(3)乾坤日夜浮(4)烹羊宰牛且为乐(5)新鬼 烦冤旧鬼哭 17.①人如蝼蚁,庸庸碌碌过的都是正常生活。②现代人越来越自闭,麻木、冷静。③生活 是庸常的,无法逃遁的日复一日。

(每点 2 分,答对两点以上即可。

) 18.①男人呼吁浪漫,女人渴望情趣。

分)②电视上的综合节目。

分) (2 (2 19.作者从两个不同的角度阐述幽默感。

分)前一段是独自面对烦恼能化解尴尬, 分) (2 (2 后一段是与众人同样面对烦恼却能置身事外。

分) (2 20.B、D(B 根据第 4 自然段开头内容可推知“生命不能承受之轻”的含义是生活的庸常、 琐碎、重复的枯燥,D 根据第 6、7 自然段的内容,作者认为营造环境的魅力是为了使 名利退居幕后,而现阶段中国人的急躁是无缘享受这魅力的。

) 21.黑龙江抗旱工作紧急电视电话会议(2 分)要求打赢抗旱攻坚战(2 分) 22.略(内容为庆祝或期盼奥运 2 分,对偶及字数 2 分,和学校生活有关联 2 分。

) 【文言文参考译文】 汲黯字长孺,濮阳县人,他的祖先曾受古卫国国君恩宠。到他已是第七代,代代都在朝 中荣任卿、大夫之职。靠父亲保举,孝景帝时汲黯当了太子洗马,因为人严正而被人敬畏。

景帝死后,太子继位,任命他做谒者之官。东越的闽越人和瓯越人发生攻战,皇上派汲黯前 往视察。他未到达东越,行至吴县使折返而归,禀报说

“东越人相攻,是当地民俗本来就 如此好斗,不值得烦劳天子的使臣去过问。

”河内郡发生了火灾,绵延烧及一千余户人家, -8- 皇上又派汲黯去视察。他回来报告说

“那里普通人家不慎失火,由于住房密集,火势便蔓 延开去,不必多忧。我路过河南郡时,眼见当地贫民饱受水旱灾害之苦,灾民多达万余家, 有的竟至于父子相食,我就趁便凭所持的符节,下令发放了河南郡官仓的储粮,赈济当地灾 民。现在我请求缴还符节,承受假传圣旨的罪责。

”皇上认为汲黯贤良,免他无罪,调任为 荥阳县令。汲黯认为当县令耻辱,便称病辞官还乡。皇上闻讯,召汲黯任中大夫。由于屡次 向皇上直言谏诤,他仍不得久留朝中,被外放当了东海郡太守。汲黯崇仰道家学说,治理官 府和处理民事,喜好清静少事,把事情都交托自己挑选出的得力的郡丞和书吏去办。他治理 郡务,不过是督查下属按大原则行事罢了,并不苛求小节。他体弱多病,经常躺在卧室内休 息不出门。一年多的时间,东海郡便十分清明太平,人们都很称赞他。皇上得知后,召汲黯 回京任主爵都尉,比照九卿的待遇。他为政力求无为而治,弘其大要而不拘守法令条文。

汲黯与人相处很傲慢,不讲究礼数,当面顶撞人,容不得别人的过错。与自己心性相投 的,他就亲近友善;与自己合不来的,就不耐烦相见,士人也因此不愿依附他。但是汲黯好 学,又好仗仪行侠,很注重志气节操。他平时居家,品行美好纯正;入朝,喜欢直言劝谏, 屡次触犯皇上的面子,时常仰慕傅柏和袁盎的为人。他与灌夫、郑当时和宗正刘弃交好。他 们也因为多次直谏而不得久居其官位。

就在汲黯任主爵都尉而位列九卿的时候,窦太后的弟弟武安侯田蚡做了宰相。年俸中二 千石的高官来谒见时都行跪拜之礼,田蚡竟然不予还礼。而汲黯求见田蚡时从不下拜,经常 向他拱手作揖完事。这时皇上正在招揽文学之士和崇奉儒学的儒生,说我想要如何如何,汲 黯便答道

“陛下心里欲望很多,只在表面上施行仁义,怎么能真正仿效唐尧虞舜的政绩呢! ” 皇上沉默不语,心中恼怒,脸一变就罢朝了,公卿大臣都为汲黯惊恐担心。皇上退朝后,对 身边的近臣说

“太过分了,汲黯太愚直! ”群臣中有人责怪汲黯,汲黯说

“天子设置公卿 百官这些辅佐之臣, 难道是让他们一味屈从取容, 阿谀奉迎, 将君主陷于违背正道的窘境吗? 何况我已身居九卿之位,纵然爱惜自己的生命,但要是损害了朝廷大事,那可怎么办! ” 大将军卫青已经越发地尊贵了, 他的姐姐卫子夫做了皇后, 但是汲黯仍与他行平等之礼。

有人劝汲黯说

“从天子那里就想让群臣居于大将军之下,大将军如今受到皇帝的尊敬和器 重,地位更加显贵,你不可不行跪拜之礼。

”汲黯答道

“因为大将军有拱手行礼的客人,就 反倒使他不受敬重了吗?”大将军听到他这么说,更加认为汲黯贤良,多次向他请教国家与 朝中的疑难之事,看待他胜过平素所结交的人。

淮南王刘安阴谋反叛,畏惧汲黯,说

“汲黯爱直言相谏,固守志节而宁愿为正义捐躯, 很难用不正当的事情诱惑他。至于游说丞相公孙弘,就像揭掉盖东西的蒙布或者把快落的树 叶振掉那么容易了。

” -9-

第一篇:哈尔滨第三中学

2014 年哈尔滨市第三中学第三次高考模拟考试 数学答案(文史类) 选择题

1B 2A 3A 4D 5D 填空题:13. 解答题

17. 解

(Ⅰ)由已知及正弦定理可得 2a 2 ? (2b ? 3c)b ? (2c ? 3b)c , 整理得 b 2 ? c 2 ? a 2 ? 3bc , 所以 cos A ? ………………………… 2 分 ………………………… 4 分 6D 7B 8B 9D 10D 11A 12D 16.45 2 5 14. ? 8 9 15. 4?3 3 10 3 . 2 又 A ? (0, ? ) ,故 A ? ? 6 . ………………………… 5 分 (Ⅱ)由正弦定理可知 所以 sin B ? 又 B ? (0, 若B? a b ? ,又 a ? 2 , b ? 2 3 , A ? , ? sin A sin B 6 ………………………… 6 分 ………………………… 8 分 3 . 2 5? 2? ? . ) ,故 B ? 或 6 3 3 ? 3 2 2? ? 若B? ,则 C ? ,于是 S?ABC 3 6 ,则 C ? ? ,于是 S ?ABC ? 1 ………………………… 10 分 ab ? 2 3 ; 2 1 ? ab sin C ? 3 . ………………………… 12 分 2 18.解

(Ⅰ) 0.3 ………………………………2 分 (Ⅱ) 220 ………………………………6 分 3 (Ⅲ)第 1 组

60 ? 0.1 ? 6 人(设为 1,2,3,4,5,6) 第 6 组

60 ? 0.1 ? 3 人(设为 A,B,C) 共有 36 个基本事件,满足条件的有 18 个,所以概率为 19.解

(Ⅰ)取 AB 中点为 O ,连接 OD , OB1 . 因为 B1 B ? B1 A ,所以 OB1 ? AB . 又 AB ? B1 D , OB1 ? B1 D ? B1 , 三模文科答案共 5 页 第1 页 1 …………12 分 2 A1 所以 AB ? 平面 B1OD , 因为 OD ? 平面 B1OD ,所以 AB ? OD .…3 分 由已知, BC ? BB1 ,又 OD // BC , 所以 OD ? BB1 ,因为 AB ? BB1 ? B , 所以 OD ? 平面 ABB1 A1 . 又 OD ? 平面 ABC ,所以平面 ABC ? 平面 ABB1 A1 . (Ⅱ)三棱锥 C ? BB1 D 的体积=三棱锥 B1 ? BCD 的体积 由(Ⅰ)知,平面 ABC ? 平面 ABB1 A1 ,平面 ABC ? 平面 ABB 1A 1 ? AB , O B1 C1 A D C ………………6 分 B OB1 ? AB , OB1 ? 平面 ABB1 A1 所以 OB1 ? 平面ABC ,即 OB1 ? 平面BCD , B1O 即点 B1 到 平面BCD 的距离, S ?BCD ? 1 S ?ABC ? 1 2 B1O ? 3 …………………………9 分 ………………………… 11 分 所以 VC ? BB1D ? VB1 ? BCD ? 1 3 ? 1? 3 ? 3 3 ………………………… 12 分 20. 解

(Ⅰ)由已知 Q(3,0) , F1 B ? QB , | QF1 |? 4c ? 3 ? c ,所以 c ? 1 . ……… 1 分 在 Rt?F1 BQ 中, F2 为线段 F1Q 的中点, 故 | BF2 |? 2c ? 2 ,所以 a ? 2 .……… 2 分 于是椭圆 C 的标准方程为 y B x2 y2 ? ? 1 .…4 分 4 3 (Ⅱ)设 l

y ? kx ? 2 ( k ? 0 ) , F1 . O F2 . Q x M ( x1 , y1 ), N ( x2 , y2 ) ,取 MN 的中点为 E ( x 0 , y 0 ) . 假设存在点 A(m,0) 使得以 AM , AN 为邻边的平行四边形为菱形,则 AE ? MN . 三模文科答案共 5 页 第2 页 ? y ? kx ? 2 ? 2 ? (4k 2 ? 3) x 2 ? 16kx ? 4 ? 0 , ?x y2 ?1 ? ? 3 ?4 1 1 ………………………… 6 分 ? ? 0 ? k 2 ? ,又 k ? 0 ,所以 k ? . 4 2 16k 6 8k 因为 x1 ? x2 ? ? 2 ,所以 x0 ? ? 2 , y0 ? kx0 ? 2 ? 2 . ……… 8 分 4k ? 3 4k ? 3 4k ? 3 6 ?0 2 1 1 4 k ? 3 ?? , 因为 AE ? MN ,所以 k AE ? ? ,即 ? 8k k k ?m 4k 2 ? 3 整理得 m ? ? 2k ?? 4k 2 ? 3 2 4k ? 3 k . ………………………… 10 分 因为 k ? 3 1 3 3 1 ,0) . ……… 12 分 时, 4k ? ? 4 3 , ? (0, ] ,所以 m ? [ ? 3 6 12 k 2 4k ? k 21.解

(Ⅰ)函数的定义域为 ?0,??? , f ?( x) ? ? ax ? 1 ( x ? 0) , x ? 1? ?1 ? ? ? ?, f ?( x) ? 0, f ( x)单 调 递 减 ? 0, ?, f ?( x) ? 0, f ( x)单 调 递 增?,, ? a? ?a ? 1 1 f ( ) ? ? ln a f ( x ) 当 取最大值 a ……………………………………4 分 a 时, 1 1 x (Ⅱ) a ? ,由 f ( x) ? ? x ? b 得 ln x ? ? 1 ? b 在 ?1,4? 上有两个不同的实根, 2 6 3 x 设 g ( x) ? ln x ? ? 1, x ? ?1,4? 3 3? x g ?( x) ? 1,3? 时, g ?( x) ? 0 , x ? ?3,4? 时, g ?( x) ? 0 , x ?? 3x x? g ( x) max ? g (3) ? ln 3 , g (1) ? 2 1 , g (4) ? 2 ln 2 ? 3 3 2 1 g (1) ? g (4) ? ? 2 ln 2 ? ? 1 ? 2 ln 2 ? 0 ,得 g (1) ? g (4) 3 3 三模文科答案共 5 页 第3 页 则 b ? ?2 ln 2 ? ? ? 1 ? , ln 3 ? 3 ? ……………………………………8 分 (Ⅲ)由(1)知当 a ? 1 时, ln x ? x ? 1 。

由已知条件 an ? 0, an?1 ? ln an ? an ? 2 ? an ? 1 ? an ? 2 ? 2an ? 1 , 故 an?1 ? 1 ? 2(an ? 1), 所以当 n ? 2 时, 0 ? an ? 1 a ?1 ? 2, 0 ? n ?1 ? 2, ? ? ? , an ?1 ? 1 an ? 2 ? 1 0? a ?1 a2 ? 1 ? 2, 相乘得 0 ? n ? 2n?1 , a1 ? 1 a1 ? 1 …………………12 分 又 a1 ? 1, 故 an ? 1 ? 2n ,即 an ? 2n ? 1 2 2 22 解

(Ⅰ)由切割线定理知 AB ? AD ? AE ,又 AC ? AB ,得 AC ? AD ? AE ? ? ? ? ? ? 4 分 2 (Ⅱ)由 AC ? AD ? AE 得 ?CDA ∽ ?ACE ,所以 ?ACD ? ?CEA 又四边形 GEDF 四点共圆,所以 ?CFG ? ?CED 故 ?CFG ? ?ACF ,所以 FG // AC 23 解

(Ⅰ)点 P 的极坐标为 ? (Ⅱ) MN 的最小值为 …………………10 分 …………………5 分 ? 3 2? ? , ? ?2 3 ? 1 2 …………………10 分 24. 解

(Ⅰ)因为 g ( x) ? ? x ? 3 ? m ? 0 ,所以 x ? 3 ? m ,所以 ? m ? 3 ? x ? m ? 3 , 由题意 ? ?? m ? 3 ? ?5 所以 m ? 2 ; ? m ? 3 ? ?1 ……………………………………5 分 (Ⅱ)若 f ( x) ? g ( x) 恒成立,所以 x ? 2 ? x ? 3 ? m 恒成立, 因为 x ? 2 ? x ? 3 ? ( x ? 2) ? ( x ? 3) ? 5 当且仅当 ( x ? 2)(x ? 3) ? 0 时取等, 所以 m ? 5 . …………………………………10 分 三模文科答案共 5 页 第4 页
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